Formative Assessment

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Formative assessment fulfills the “iterative processes of establishing what, how much and how
well students are learning in relation to learning goals and expected outcomes in order to inform
tailored formative feedback and support further learning.” (Gikandi et al., 2011, p. 2337). It is
comprised of both feedback (external) and self-monitoring (internal). The goal of instruction should
be to facilitate the transition from feedback to self-monitoring by teaching students to:

  • Understand the learning goal
  • Compare actual performance to learning goal
  • Take action to close this gap

Learn more about the research on Formative Assessment below!