Metacognition (Self-regulated Learning)

Macmillan Employee
Macmillan Employee
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Metacognition refers to our knowledge and self-awareness of our cognitive processes—in other
words, the way we “think about our thinking.” When a learner uses metacognition to improve their
learning, they adapt different strategies to bolster their self-awareness about their knowledge.
A subset of this is known as self-regulated learning, a set of interrelated skills and motivations
that control learning. Self-regulated learning can consist of up to three stages:

  • Planning: forethought, where learners set goals, identify critical features around tasks, and
    plan strategies
  • Monitoring: performance, where learners track their current state and monitor their progress
    towards a goal
  • Evaluating: self-reflection, where learners assess their solutions, determine whether they
    met their goal, and review the strategies used.

Learn more about the research on Metacognition (Self-regulated Learning) below!